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Hazards of Export Packing & Shipping

Various Type of Packaging

"...such goods would be the first to be 'thrown overboard' or 'jettisoned' should the ship run into trouble."

Corrugated Boxes

These are now used for many export goods. However, bursting strength should not be less than 275 pounds per square inch. The strongest type is triple wall corrugated. Corrugated boxes can be strengthened, if necessary, by wood framing.

Corrugated boxes (particularly triple wall) are more resilient and therefore more shock absorbent than wooden ones. However, corrugated boxes have the great disadvantage that they can be easily opened and their contents pilfered. They are most suitable when carried within a metal container.


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Hazards of Export Packing and Shipping

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Hazards of Export Packing & Shipping

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"such goods would be the first to be 'thrown overboard or jettisoned."

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"A 'serious offence' and against 'air regulation' for shipping 'liquid or pressurize products'"

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"The exporter, must ensure that the goods being shipped have the required 'marks of origin'."

  Plywood Boxes

Another popular type of box used for export shipments is a wooden frame with plywood walls. Such a box has great strength because of the framing and can therefore withstand pressure from heavy loads placed on top.

The plywood walls are practically puncture-proof as well as theft-proof. Furthermore, the plywood box is lighter in weight and smaller in cubic area than its slatted wooden counterpart. Another advantage of the plywood box is that it can be waterproofed at the joints and easily lined with moisture barriers.

Wooden Crates

These are used mainly for heavy, bulky goods and may be opened or closed. A strong frame is required to withstand the pinching effects of slings.

Often, as a precaution, the exporter will mark the crate's center of gravity as well as the sling and grab-hook positions.

Sometimes, items such as refrigerators may be packed in an open crate with a transparent plastic shroud. This enables the goods to be seen inside and thereby encourage treatment with care.


These are suitable for certain products, but can be easily damaged by water or hooks. Water damage can be avoided by wrapping the bale in a waterproof covering.

Hook damage can be avoided in the case of small bales by the provision of ears on the corners so that such bales weighing more than 300 pounds are likely to be hooked without probable spillage or damage.

Each bale should have at least four tension bands around it to hold it together during handling. Bales have the disadvantage of being easily pilfered.

  Page 5/7 - International Air Transport Association Shipping guidelines. What are dangerous goods (HAZMAT)?

Page 6/7 - Boeing warns airlines against flying battery shipments

Page 7/7 - UN agency bans e-cigarettes  on airline flights.









Multi wall Bags

Powders and granular materials (e.g. dry chemicals) are often shipped in multi wall plastic bags.

However, in many foreign ports, the stevedores are likely to seize such bags by the ears with inevitable tearing and spillage. This can be avoided by strapping a number of bags together on a pallet.



These are used for transporting liquids, e.g. olive oil, and are now usually made of metal.


The practice of packing goods within large metal containers for shipment abroad, although an extra cost, has become increasingly popular because of the reduction in water damage, handling damage, and reduction in pilferage. As most ports and ships are equipped to handle containers.

Preventing Dampness

Dampness is considered
to be one of the worst hazards to which export shipments are exposed.

The best way of preventing it from causing harm is by sealing the export goods completely from the outside air. This can be accomplished in many different ways and some of them are describe briefly below.

1. Barrier materials
The goods may be wrapped in waterproof paper and sealed with waterproof tape.

2. Rust inhibitors
The goods may be treated with special chemicals so as to provide a protective coating which may later be stripped off or removed with solvent.

3. Desiccants
Non-metallic and other goods that cannot be coated with rust inhibitors can be protected by the use of chemical desiccants, particularly, dehydrating agents that absorb the moisture from the air.

Desiccants can be used inside airtight containers or with barrier warps. Unlike the rust inhibitors, they leave the product completely free of any foreign coating.

4. Volatile corrosion inhibitors
These prevent rust by giving off a vapor that forms a microscopic coating on the surface to be protected. Colorless, odorless, and tasteless, the VCI may be impregnated into the barrier wrap or it maybe used in crystalline form inside an airtight package.

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